Information systems have developed along with the development of information technology that is very fast. Proved to be very instrumental in economic activities and develop implementation strategies. The following are the types of business information systems that can be useful.
1 Sales and Marketing
The sales and marketing functions are responsible for selling the organization’s products or services. Marketing pays attention to the introduction of customer product or service companies.
Moreover determining the needs and desires of customers, planning and developing products or services. To meet the needs and advertise and promote products or services. Sales relate to contacting customers selling products and services, taking orders, and continuing sales.
This activity can be considered a business process. The support of the business process is sales and marketing information systems. For example sales and marketing systems, among others, recognize customers, make customers aware of products, sell products.
2 Manufacturing and Production
The manufacturing and production functions are responsible for actually producing the company’s goods and services. Manufacturing and production systems are associated with planning, developing and maintaining production facilities.
Moreover setting production targets; procurement, storage and availability of production materials. And scheduling the equipment, facilities, raw materials, and labor needed to form the final product.
The support of this activity is manufacturing and production information systems. For example, manufacturing and production systems that combine products, check the quality and make bills of raw materials.
3 Finance and Accounting
The financial function is responsible for managing the company’s financial assets, such as cash, stocks, bonds and other investments. To maximize returns on these financial assets. The financial function is also responsible for managing the company’s capitalization (finding new financial assets in shares, bonds, or other forms of debt).
The accounting function is responsible for maintaining and managing the company’s financial records – receipts, payments, depreciation, payroll to calculate the flow of funds in the company. For example the financial and accounting systems, namely Paying creditors, Making financial reports and Managing cash accounts.
4 Human Resources
The function of human resources is responsible for attracting, developing, and maintaining the company’s workforce. Human resource information will support some activities. For example identifying potential employees, maintaining of existing employees, and creating programs to develop employee talent.
The human resource system helps senior management recognize human resource needs – (expertise, level of education, type of position, number of positions, and costs) to meet the company’s long-term business plan. To analyze and monitor some employee recruitment, and placement uses a human resource system exactly middle management.
Moreover Operational management uses this system to track the recruitment and placement of company employees. As an example of a human resource system that is deploying customers, evaluating employee performance and involving employees in the benefits plan.
So, the information system is an arrangement consisting of several components such as people, activities, data, hardware, software, and integrated networks. That function to support and improve the daily operations of a business also provides information needs for problem-solving and managerial decision making.
Those are some types of business information systems that might develop your business. If you pay attention to these types and evaluate them.